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ALI STE VODJA S FIKSNO ALI RAZVOJNO MISELNOSTJO?

25. 7. 2023

Fiksna in razvojna miselna naravnanost sta dva različna pogleda na življenje. Običajno se sami bolj nagibamo k enemu ali drugemu. Prvi prisega na nespremenljivost posameznika, drugi pa na njegov konstantni razvoj. Razvidno je, da je le ena razvojno naravnana, kar prinaša dolgoročne uspehe na osebnem in poklicnem področju.

Carol S. Dweck je ameriška psihologinja in utemeljiteljica ločitve na fiksno in razvojno miselno naravnanost. V nadaljevanju je podrobneje predstavljen celoten koncept, če si tudi vi želite dosegati neverjetne rezultate, berite naprej.

Kakšen je vodja s fiksno miselno naravnanostjo?

Fiksna miselna naravnanost predpostavlja, da so vse sposobnosti posameznika prav take kot so – kot bi bile izklesane v kamen, ni jih mogoče spreminjati ali izboljšati. Oseba ne ceni truda, ker meni, da ga ne potrebuje – če je v določeni spretnosti odlična, se zanjo ni potrebno truditi. Prav zato je trud razumljen kot znak šibkosti oz. poraza. Vsakodnevno raje prikrivajo svoje pomanjkljivosti samo zato, da bi v določenem trenutku izgledali popolno.

Vodje s fiksno miselnostjo skrbijo samo za svoj imidž. Vodstveni položaj jim daje zunanje potrditve, katere so jim izjemno pomembne. Zanje živijo in jih aktivno iščejo v vsakodnevnem življenju – služba ni nobena izjema. Kritike in posameznikov, ki jih izpostavljajo, pa ne prenašajo dobro. Vedno znova jih namerno preslišijo, ker predstavljajo grožnjo njihovemu položaju in imidžu.

Enako mnenje imajo o napakah, ki jih storijo na delovnem mestu. Te poskušajo prikriti – izbor besede »poskušali« ni naključen, saj se resnica prej ali slej pokaže tudi navzven. Takrat izgubijo transparentnost, ki je pomembna pri ustvarjanju zaupanja z javnostjo. Izgubijo zaupanje strank, potencialnih in obstoječih poslovnih partnerjev ter svojega kadra. Mislim, da ni treba posebej poudarjati, da podjetje po takem škandalu težko znova pridobi zaupanje in se vrne na pot uspeha.

Vodje s fiksno miselno naravnanostjo imajo zelo nestabilno samozavest. Kadar doživljajo uspehe in prejemajo ogromno pohval, so zadovoljni sami s sabo. V nasprotnem primeru, kadar doživljajo neuspehe ali delajo napake, jim samozavest strmo pade.

Za napake nočejo prevzeti odgovornosti, saj bi to nakazovalo njihovo nesposobnost. Ohranjati želijo izgled popolnosti, kompetentnosti, zato za napake krivijo karkoli (pomanjkanje časa, informacij, materiala) ali kogarkoli drugega (svoj kader, zunanje sodelavce, stranke). Jasno je, da podjetje pod takšnim vodstvom ne more napredovati.

Podjetje vodijo po načelu “kaj trenutno najbolj ustreza meni” ne pa “kaj je najboljša poteza za podjetje”. Pri vodenju niso v ospredju cilji podjetja pač pa cilj, da sami izgledajo popolno. Takšen način razmišljanja v podjetju hitro pripelje do stagnacije, ker se z njim sploh ne ukvarjajo – cilji podjetja padejo na lestvici prioritet.

Kakšen je vodja z razvojno miselno naravnanostjo?

Precej drugačni pa so vodje z razvojno miselno naravnanostjo. Ti na svet gledajo na drugačen način. Verjamejo, da sposobnosti posameznika ni mogoče vnaprej napovedati, vsak jih lahko izboljša, če vanje vloži trud.

Vodja z razvojno miselnostjo priznava, da ne ve vsega, se tudi sam uči in tega ne označi za šibkost. Celo nasprotno. Želja po izpopolnjevanju mu daje veliko prednost na področju osebnostne rasti in razvoja, ki ga dosega skozi izobraževanje. Vse našteto utrjuje oz. zvišuje samozavest posameznika. Ta želja po izpopolnjevanju se prenese tudi na način vodenja.

Vodje z razvojno miselno naravnanostjo so bolj nagnjeni k izobraževanju in svoje zaposlene spodbujajo k izpopolnjevanju. V procesu zaposlovanja poskušajo najti kandidate za zaposlitev, ki jim je razvojna miselna naravnanost prav tako blizu.

V podjetju si želijo kompetentnega in razvojno miselno naravnanega kadra, vidijo ga kot sinonim za uspešnost. Sami si želijo novih izzivov, saj si tako lahko zagotovijo nove izkušnje, osebnostno rast in širijo svojo cono udobja. Zavedajo se, da za napredek in razvoj ne morejo ostati na istem mestu. Hkrati razumejo, da njihova naloga zajema sprejemanje težkih odločitev v dobro podjetja ter usmerjanje tima proti zastavljenim ciljem.

Že sami stremijo k napredku, zato si ga želijo tudi v svojem podjetju.

Prav to je razlog, zakaj drugače gledajo na napake. Zavedajo se, da se jim ni mogoče izogniti in jih uporabijo sebi v korist. Za svoje napake prevzemajo odgovornost, iz njih se učijo, in tako vnaprej vedo, kako lahko ravnajo bolje. Pripravljeni so sprejeti in v končni fazi upoštevati konstruktivno kritiko in mnenja zaposlenih, ki se ne skladajo z njihovimi pogledi. Vedo, da je sprememba edina pravilna izbira, da podjetje lahko ostane konkurenčno in se razvija naprej.

Kako do razvojne miselne naravnanosti?

Miselna naravnanost je le naše prepričanje, ki ga imamo o sebi ali svojih sposobnostih. Prav tako kot vsako drugo mnenje ga lahko spremenimo, če se za to zavestno odločimo. Dweck izpostavlja kako lahko to storite v štirih korakih.

  1. Sprejemanje lastne fiksne miselne naravnanosti: Sprejemanje dejstva, da ima vsak od nas del razvojne in del fiksne miselne naravnanosti, je ključno. Povsem običajno je, da imamo za določen del življenja fiksno oz. razvojno miselno naravnanost – naša naloga je, da fiksno spremenimo v razvojno v delih življenja, kjer se nam zdi potrebno, kjer nam bo to resnično koristilo.
  2. Zavedanje lastnih sprožilcev fiksne miselnosti: Fiksno miselno naravnanost lahko obravnavamo kot svojo persono, vprašamo se: kdaj se pojavi? Kadar je pred nami velik izziv? Ko spoznamo osebo, ki je v določeni lastnosti na katero smo tudi sami ponosni, boljša od nas? Kadar obstaja možnost, da bomo doživeli poraz vsem na očeh?
  3. Poimenovanje fikse miselne naravnanosti kot samo svoje persone: Svoji personi s fiksno miselno naravnanostjo dajte ime. Lahko jo poimenujete kot želite, po liku iz knjige, filma ali po osebi iz vašega življenja. Lahko pa ji nadanete ime, ki vam nikakor ni všeč. To služi kot opomnik, da nočete postati ta persona. Poskusite jo obravnavati ločeno od vas samih. Razmislite kakšne občutke in vedenja persona vzbudi v vas ter jih čim bolj jasno na glas izrazite.
  4. Izobraževanje persone s fiksno miselno naravnanostjo o razvojni: Ne pozabite, persona s fiksno miselno naravnanostjo je bila primarno ustvarjena, da bi vas varovala. Skozi čas pa je začela pretiravati. Ko jo peljete s seboj na potovanje od fiksne k razvojni miselnosti jo izobražujete o novih načinih, kako vam lahko nudi podporo v vašem vsakdanu. Ta je lahko v obliki vztrajnosti ob izzivih ali moči, da po porazu vstanete in poskusite znova.

Kot zaključek…

Sprememba ni nikoli enostavna a je mogoča.

Resnično izkoristite svoj celoten potencial, ob enem pa spodbudite ljudi v vašem delovnem ali osebnem prostoru, da storijo enako. Pomnite, če ste vsak dan samo 1% boljši kot ste bili včeraj, ste na dobri poti do uspeha.

Zdaj je odločitev na vas – si boste drznili stopiti korak naprej in pokazati česa ste pravzaprav resnično sposobni?

avtor: Blažka Zalašček

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Author

  • Blažka Zalašček

    Blažka Zalašček je diplomirana profesorica pedagogike ter študentka magistrskega študijskega programa Andragogika na Pedagoški fakulteti Univerze na Primorskem. Je prava zagovornica koncepta vseživljenjskega učenja ter osebnostne rasti. S svojo strastjo do dela z ljudmi in iskanjem novih načinov za osebnostno rast ter izboljšanje strokovnosti, je vedno pripravljena na nove izzive. Področji, ki jo zanimata, se gibljeta v vodah dela z ljudmi, področje kadrovskega managementa ter organizacije poslovnih dogodkov. Izraža močno zanimanje za te obsežne discipline, saj v njih vidi priložnost za osebno rast in strokovno izpopolnjevanje.

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